Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome @ Dr.Garje Ayurved Panchakarma Clinic

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as polycystic ovarian disease or PCOD is a very common female health complaint. PCOS is a common female endocrine disorder affecting approximately 5- 12% of women. It causes worry as it is commonly found in reproductive age; also it is thought to be one of the leading causes of female infertility.

Organs involved in Polycystic Ovary disease

  •  Ovary – the female gonad organ, present at the either sides of the uterus
  •  Adrenal glands – The glands which are placed just above the both the kidneys
  •  Pancreas – Gland that produces insulin in our body
  •  Pituitary gland – the gland just below the brain, which is responsible for all the hormonal control

Causes of PCOS

As per modern science the cause of PCOS is not fully understood. It is unknown

  •  Hereditary
  •  Hormonal imbalance
  •  Insulin resistance
  •  Mild inflammation

What happen in PCOD

There is increased production of Androgen (a hormone) by the ovaries, which suppresses the maturation of ovarian follicles (ovarian follicles lead to ovum).

So, ovum does not get properly formed and released (anouvlation).

Remember that ovum meets with the sperm during intercourse leading to conception. So, in a case of PCOD, the lady usually will be having problem with conception.

How frequent is the problem of PCOD?

The incidence varies between 0.5 – 4 per cent, more common amongst infertile women. It is prevalent in young reproductive period.

What happens inside the body?

Typically, the ovaries are enlarged two to five times the normal size (PCOS – Ovarian cysts).

Ovary which is normally oval in shape will have many cysts within it.

Patient may present with features of diabetes mellitus (insulin resistance).

Careful survey concludes that the biggest lifestyle contributor to PCOS is poor diet.

Signs And Sympptoms:

  •  Irregular periods-This is the most common characteristic of PCOS. It includes menstrual intervals longer than 35 days, fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year.
  •  Amenorrhea- Absence of menstruation for four months or longer.
  •  Variation in menstrual bleeding- Prolonged periods that may be scanty or heavy flow with clots. Bleeding may extend to more than 9 days.
  •  Infertility- Not able to get pregnant because of not ovulating.
  •  Hirsutism- Increased male hormones causes’ excess hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs or toes.
  •  Skin changes – Includes Acne, oily skin, or dandruff.
  •  Obesity –Abnormal weight-gain, usually with extra weight around the waist and difficulty in reducing weight.
  •  Hair thinning – Increased androgen levels may cause male-pattern baldness due to excessive hair fall.
  •  Acanthosis nigricans- Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick, velvety, dark brown or black.
  •  Skin tags– Excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area.
  •  Pelvic pain- Few women with PCOS experience dull aching pain in lower abdomen. This is may be due to low-grade inflammation.
  •  Abnormality in mental health– There may be anxiety or depression, low level of confidence due to change in their physical appearance.
  •  Sleep apnoea– Breathing stops for short periods of time while sleeping, which make you feel tired even after sleeping.

Long-term Health Risks of PCOS

  •  Infertility or Sub fertility
  •  Endometrial Cancer
  •  Diabetes
  •  Lipid Abnormalities
  •  Cardiovascular Risks
  •  Hypertension

Diagnosis: laboratory investigations:

The assessment and based diagnosis of PCOS is mainly based upon clinical presentation together with USG – Ultra Sonography findings and hormonal profile appropriate to mode of presentation.

PCOD Treatment

Treatment of PCOD needs individualistic approach because, not all the symptoms might be seen in all the patients.

It depends on the presenting symptoms, like menstrual abnormalities, infertility, obesity, hirsutism or combined symptoms.

  •  Biochemical abnormalities to be corrected
    • Hyper- androgenism
    • Hyper secretion of LH (correction of hormonal balance)
    • High levels of insulin &
    • Low Follicle stimulating hormone (again related to hormone imbalance management.) Weight reduction in obese patients is the first line of treatment. Body mass index (BMI)< 25 improves the menstrual abnormalities, hirsutism and infertility.

Dr.Garje Ayurved Panchakarma Clinic Treatment for PCOD

Ayurvedic treatment is by applying a multi-pronged approach towards

  •  correcting the hormonal imbalance,
  •  treatment to obesity and avoiding high cholesterol levels,
  •  treatment to insulin resistance.
  • Correcting hormonal imbalance-
    Detoxification by Panchakarma treatments & there are many Ayurved Medicinal herbs( In the form of Medicines) useful in correcting the hormonal imbalance.
  • Treatment to obesity-
    Treatment to obesity and specifically against cholesterol can be achieved by 1st detoxification by Panchakarma therapy & by using Ayurvedic herbal remedy plus diet and lifestyle changes
  • Lifestyle -
    Compatible and timely intake of balanced diet, regular physical exercises and healthy lifestyle will build up therapeutic measures to curb PCOS.

prevention and treatment

Ayurved adheres in preventing PCOD in a natural way by balancing the doshas. Apart from the miraculous Panchakarma, Ayurved suggests various herbs along with dietary and lifestyle changes to cure this disease.

It is an in-depth Ayurvedic treatment which completely cleanses the body, mind and emotions from toxins. It rejuvenates the body by reducing weight and restores regular menstruation cycle and ovulation.

It provides strength to the reproductive organs like uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina and maintains hormonal balance.

Panchakarma protocol helps to high degrees in clearing much pathology which inhibits fertility. Each person receives a unique combination of five processes according to their specific health needs.

Various healing processes involved in Panchakarma are:

In short summary of treatments @ Dr.Garje Ayurved Panchakarma Clinic

  •  Ayurved Herbal Medicines
  •  Panchakarma –MatraBasti ,Nasya,Shirodhara,Virechan,Vaman,Lekhan Basti
  •  Ayurved Diet ,Life Style Changes & Modifications
  •  Yogasans , Exercise